Odessos during the Hellenistic Period
/mid 4th mid 1st century BC/
hall 9
Included for several decades into the boundaries of the Macedonian Empire of Alexander the Great after the death of his proxy in Thrace- Lizimah /year 281 BC/ Odessos reestablished its independence and became the biggest trade center on the Western Black Sea Coast. During that period the town realized the contacts between the Thracian society and the Black Sea and the Mediterranean world and reached the peak of its prosperity. 
 A proof of the economic prosperity of the town is the fact that it began cutting its own coins initially bronze ones, and later on /after 2nd century BC/ large emissions of silver tetra-drachmas and gold starters.
 The import from the Mediterranean and the Black Sea regions was not terminated which becomes obvious from the large amount of black-polished ceramics, bronze decorations, lamps and amphorae. Local production of ceramics, bronze decorations and lamps was also developed in the town. Characteristic for the trade import from Egypt and Pallestina are the glass and alabaster vessels.
 Odessos turned into one of the most important centers for production of terracotta statuettes. To the Varna Archaeological Museum belongs one of the richest collections of such figures. In the showcases are exhibited terracotta figures representing various scenes and deities Darzalas, Aphrodite, Demetra, Eros, satyrs, maenads, as well as genre statuettes dancers and musicians, actors, slaves, women and men in the typical for the time attire, animal figures children's toys a cock, a bull, etc.
 The presence of a big quantity of construction ceramics roof tiles and roof decorative ornaments /simas and antefixes/ is a good evidence that the architectural image of the ancient town did not submit to the other ancient towns along the Mediterranean.
 At that time a substantial change in the religious life is to be traced in Odessos the Thracian god Darzalas was raised as a supreme deity in the Pantheon of the town. Evidence to the fact are the coins of the town carrying his image, numerous terracotta statuettes, as well as an unique miniature lead statuette dated 4th century BC. This change in the organization of the religious life in the town obviously was as a result of the consolidating position of the Thracian population in the town

r c h e a e o l o g i c a l   m u s e u m   V a r n a
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